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SMPIPLT Component Profile

Social Mobilization Participatory Investment Planning


  • Process of bringing together all feasible and practical intersectoral social allies to:
    • raise people's awareness of and demand for a particular development program,
    • assist in the delivery of resources and services, and
    • strengthen community participation for sustainability and self-reliance. (Neil Mckee, 1982)

Description: SocMob


  • Community Mobilization
  • Social preparation/capability building of communities in project barangays for planning, implementing and sustaining their own development
  • Participatory Investment Planning in project barangay
    • community watershed management
    • agriculture, agri-business and income generation
    • rural infrastructure
  • Participatory Monitoring & Evaluation project barangays


  • Awareness raising for development initiatives and self-reliance
    • awareness creation comes before any project activities in the community
    • thru the CMOs to be hired
    • to all stakeholders and implementers
    • thru CHARM-on-the-air
    • Flexibility in response to diversity and local culture
    • Cordillera is the home of 12 ethno linguistic tribe and each tribe is unique
    • 92% are IPs
    • Each tribe - agriculture sustainable and own forest management systems
  • Process oriented and bottom-up
    • sense of ownership if community people will be involved from the very beginning of the project-ensuring project sustainability
    • lot of community consultations
  • Capacity development & collaborative work among all stakeholders
    • trainings for all staff and stakeholders on participatory approaches
    • trainings for the community people on planning and PMET, proposal prep, aspects of value chain development, how to maintain waterworks, watershed, etc.
  • Active participation throughout program implementation
    • community involvement in PIP, PMET and implementation (agroforestry, BAWASA, value-chain dev., micro finance, etc.)
    • all activities (and other units) will be based from the PIP and the ADSDPP
  • Gender mainstreaming in all activities and processes
    • in PIP, women and men will be consulted separately to allow women to express their views in an unconstrained manner-to ensure that their priorities are taken into account
    • land tenure and intensive arrangements under indigenous systems are fairly gender equal
    • in direct employment, women have the opportunity to participate
    • women should represent 50% members and be represented as officers in POs
    • Micro finance for women and skills training
    • NGOs-record in gender issues and gender friendly in staffing and recruitment patterns

Role of CMOs

  • Awareness creation among ICCs/IPs
  • Facilitate & organize community assemblies and facilitate transparent and effective priority investment ranking and planning process
  • Ensuring that PPIP get integrated into BDP-MDP-PDP-ADSDPP
  • Foster the development of strong and sustainable grassroots institutions that take forth the task of CD beyond the life of the project


  1. Targeting
    • Selected Barangays (8 new, 27 old)
    • Targeting the Poor (esp. in AAIGA)

Criteria of Poor:

    • Landlessness
    • No animals (inadequate)
    • Lack of access to health services
    • Dependence on daily labor
    • Women-headed households
    • Lack of meals/low quality of food 
  1. Participation
    • Community participation in decision-making, planning, implementation and M&E is necessary for project success
    • Participation in CHARM 1 communities limited:
      • Barangay officials and officers of POs were the regular participants in meetings
      • Barangay assemblies were dominated also by these same participants
      • Most prefer to keep quiet and just observe and follow decisions of the leaders
      • Most are unable to attend community activities because of lack of time, which is spent in the farm or work

Lessons learned from CHARM 1

      • Community participation possible and sustainable if Project meets interest of community
      • Participatory planning should be first activity, should not take long, and incorporated in LGU plans and in Project AWPB (bottoms-up)
      • All implemening partners should apply participatory approaches
      • Community participatory planning should not be time consuming-otherwise only affluent members of community can afford to attend
      • PIP process will be simplified based on menu of activitied that is prioritized by them
      • Plan will incude only investments covered under Project
    • Ensure that schedule of community meetings will be attended by all members of community, specially the poor and the women
    • Foster good leadership skills among community members
    • Coordination and partnership among implementers will be strengthened and facilitated from the field level up through the Project structures
    • Ensure free flow of info among and between project stakeholders


  • Undertake (in behalf of the Project) extensive community mobilization,
  • Facilitate participatory planning,
  • Monitoring and valuation of 35 barangays of 8 Project Municipalities

That will form the bases of community-based participatory project approach of Project implementation



  1. Fielding of Provincial NGO Supervicors and Community Mobilzation Officers
    • Provincial NGO Supervisor-Team Leader in each province
      • monitoring of CMO activities and provide monitoring and back-up support to CMOs
    • Recruitment of CMOs-should preferably resident of the concerned municipality.
      • present CMO recruitment process and selection criteria
      • 1 CMO will work in 2 adjacent barangays
      • CMO serve as catalyst in the ID and planning of project activities by communties with the various levels of government
      • in case of replacement-subject to PSO approval
    • NGO will provide Project orientation to CMOs with emphasis on:
      • gender sensitive participatory approaches in community organizing, planning, and other community development activities utilizing appropriate model/s and planning processes developed in CHARM1 or any other existing CO models compatible with the project
  2. Project Investment Planning
    1. Within 6 months of NTP - NGO shall assist barangays in collaboration with MPDO and PPDO to develop PIP of target barangays.
    2. NGO shall assist the LGUs review existing barangays plans - 7 year PIP based on participatory planning approaches
    3. Review and update project profiles based on standards
    4. Coordinate with other government agencies that need to participate in PIP preparation
    5. Ensure the priority investment planning process is based on FPIC principle
    6. Assist in determining TNA of CO for Project Components

Description: planning_process

Description: planning_process2

Description: planning_process3

 C. Community Organization and Mobilization

  1. Liaise between the individual barangays and the concerned LGUs on project activities
  2. Facilitate the creation of PMET
  3. Assist the community in assessing and updating the PIP
  4. Facilitate coordination with PEO and MEO to ensure contracting of labor from beneficiary communities for infrastructure development
  5. Coordinate and help ensure that the AWPB and project proposals to be formulated by the BMG are based from PIP
  6. Coordinate with the NGO/Agency contracted for SMPA under the refo sub-component
  7. Assist the LGU in organizing/strengthening groups for value chain development, agroforestry/reforestation, barangay water works association, irrigators' association, etc.
  8. Work closely with BMGs and MMGs in initiating and advancing and implementing the prioritized activities
  9. Provide training to community groups on various aspects of participatory planning, monitoring and evaluation;
  10. Participate in meetings in PMGs and Steering Committees
  11. Assist the Project and its implementing unit in all activities that will be conducted at the barangay level
  12. Participate in supervision missions and other activities that will be conducted by the donor agencies and lead project agency which require NGO participation

D. Project Reporting

  1. Assist the Project in documenting lessons learned and other forms of knowledge creation, capture and communication
  2. Prepare and submit required AWPB and periodic report (financial and physical) to PSO through PCO
  3. Present and submit reports during the PMG and SC meetings
  4. While the contracted NGO is accountable to PSO, the Provincial NGO Supervisor shall report to PCO

E. Other NGO Responsibilities

  1. Assist the CHARM PSO devise phase-out strategies for the Project's various components
  2. Before the end of the NGO Contract, the NGO will facilitate the development of NGO phase-out and LGU phase-in strategies.


Smooth implementation of the SMPIP Subcomponent rest with the availability of quaified NGO.

  • 1 NGO Supervisor per province and 1 CMO for every 2 barangay; NGO may propose additional staff if needed;
  • NGO Supervisor shall report to the Project Manager through PCO and a member of PSC and PMG;
  • CMOs are member of MSC, MMG, and BMGs

Minimum Qualifications for Required CMO Staff:

  • Must be College Graduate with at least two year experience in intensive community organizing and community mobilization;
  • Preferably residents of the Project Areas and can speak and understand the language and culture in those areas and must be acceptable to the community;
  • Preferably with relevant work experience in other rural development projects such as CHARM, CECAP, CASCADE, DAR-ARISSP, Kalahi-CIDSS, NIA and others.

Minimum Quaifications for NGO Provincial Supervisor:

  • Must be College Graduate
  • Has a relevant work experience as CO/CM
  • Has relevant work experience in supervisory functions (surprising a team of CO/CMO)
  • Has relevant experience/skills in panning and monitoring using participatory approaches; and
  • With extensive experience in the Cordillera and preferable a resident of the Province.

Description: Orgstrucsmpip


  1. The project investment plan (PIP) concurred to by the community;
  2. Updated barangay profiles based on project standards;
  3. The groups organized/strengthened in the barangays for value chain support, savings and credit, reforestation/agroforestry and rural infrastructure which are actively participating in project activities;
  4. Result of training needs assessment on community organizations;
  5. Result of training and other capability building activities conducted;
  6. Functional Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation Team in the barangay;
  7. Recommendedd Project phase-out strategies;
  8. Approved NGO-phase-out and LGU phas-in plan;
  9. Periodic reports submitted based on project format;
  10. Results of lessons and knowledge created, captured and disseminated.


  1. Review the project investment plans prepared in accordance with the community planning model;
  2. Make periodic assessment of the implementation of this sub-component during the Project implementation on a quarterly basis;
  3. Evaluate the NGO performance annually as basis for renewing the contract;
  4. PSO will submit copies of the NGOs semestral, annual and terminal reports submitted by the NGOs to the donor agencies;
  5. PSO will conduct regular/periodic planning workshop and meetings with the NGO to formulate activities and strategies and discuss the progress of and issues on the implementing of the Project.
  6. Detailed working arrangement will be stipulated in the NGO contract.


Contract - 2 years

Contracts may be terminated earlier due to non-acceptable performance of NGOs/CMOs;

Assessment will be done after the 1st year of the services.

Description: piloting

"Never doubt that a small group of committed citizens can change the world; indeed, it is the only thing that ever has."

-Margaret Mead


Land Tenure Improvement Program


Description: ncip



  • 170 - Pre-identified Barangays
  • 37 - Municipalities
  • six (6) - Provinces

Project Duration:

  • Seven years from 2009 to 2015

Description: nciptargets



NCIP-DA RFU-CAR Memorandum of Agreement

Dated August 14, 2009


2.1 Act as the Implementing Agency on the following:

2.1.1 Facilitate issuance of CADT;

2.1.2 Facilitate issuance of CALT;

2.1.3 Facilitate formulation of ADSDPP;

2.1.4 Conduct IEC on IPRA and awareness raising activities on the extent of CHARMP2 and processes with the concerned barangays

Description: CALTdelineation


  • Th testimony of community elders who are knowledgeable on the subject land
  • Any of the following proofs:
    • Genealogical survey
    • Historical accounts
    • Write-ups of customs and traditions
    • Pictures of old improvements such as trees, stone walling, farms, rice fields, orchards, monuments, houses and other old structures
    • Structure plans and/or sketch maps
    • Ancient documents
    • Tax declaration and proofs of payment of taxes
    • Other proofs

Last Updated on Friday, 15 October 2010 10:58